Tuesday, 29 May 2012

Force stop and then start a full crawl on all content sources in a SharePoint 2010 farm using PowerShell

There have been many times where I have needed to run a full crawl of all content sources on a SharePoint 2010 farm, but I quite often there are already crawls taking place, which I prefer to stop before starting a new one.

The script below walks through each content source and does the following:

  1. Checks whether the crawl status is set to “Idle”
  2. If the content source is currently involved in a crawl activity, stop the activity and wait until the status changes back to Idle
  3. If the content source is Idle, then start a full crawl

To use, run the following script in the SharePoint Management Shell, replacing “Search Service Application” with the name of your Search service application:

Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlContentSource -SearchApplication "Search Service Application" | ForEach-Object {
    if ($_.CrawlStatus -ne "Idle")
        Write-Host "Stopping currently running crawl for content source $($_.Name)..."
        do { Start-Sleep -Seconds 1 }
        while ($_.CrawlStatus -ne "Idle")
    Write-Host "Starting full crawl for content source $($_.Name)..."

For info, you can use the following script if you want to display the crawl status of all content sources on your farm:

Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlContentSource -SearchApplication "Search Service Application" | select Name, CrawlStatus

This will give you an output similar to the following:



  1. Is there a way to force stop a crawl and keep it from resuming on schedule without modifying the schedule itself?

    1. You could stop the crawl and then pause the content source, either from Central Admin or by using the PauseCrawl() method in the same way as I have used StopCrawl() above

  2. What is the "select name" supposed to be? I have tried the web URL and the Local SharePoint sites and get an error. The search will not stop/ It ha been going for 86 hours!

    1. Select name only displays the name of the content source in the PowerShell console. If you really are unable to stop a crawl then you may need to reset the search index, which can be done in Central Admin or by using the script in this article: http://get-spscripts.com/2012/02/resetting-sharepoint-2010-search-index.html

  3. Hi,

    In SharePoint 2013 I couldn't stop the Continous Crawl using PowerShell.

    Could you please guide me.

    Thank you


    1. Same. From what i could gather so far there is no way to do this from powershell. This must be the only thing u can do from the interface but not from powershell.

      Anyone found a way to do it without using the interface?

    2. May be it is crazy idea and I do not know whether that will work or not. Anyway is it possible change crawl settings fron continuous to incremental then stop the crawl do something after that. Again switch back to continuous from incremental?

      Is anyone

    3. Here's some code to stop the Continuous Crawl

      $SearchApp = "Search Service Application name "
      $IntranetCS = "Content Source Name"
      $ContentSource = Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlContentSource -SearchApplication $SearchApp -Identity $IntranetCS
      $ContentSource.EnableContinuousCrawls = $false

  4. sharepoint crawl is running but not stopping. This is happening after we replaced the old SAN storage. Please suggest how to resolve this issue. We stopped few times and tried. No success.

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